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Composers You Should Know: Baroque

Lists, facts, dates, links, and more, organized by time period

Notable Baroque Composers (1600 - 1750)

If you wish to be generally familiar with classical music, here is a short list of composers you should know from this period.

Name

Birth

Death

Nationality

Representative Pieces

MMC

Bach, Johann Sebastian
 ML410 .B1

1685

1750

German

Mass in B Minor
Brandenburg Concertos (chamber)
St. Matthew Passion (oratorio)
The Well-Tempered Clavier (keyboard)
CDs
Scores

Handel, George Frideric
 ML410 .H13

1685

1759

German

Messiah (oratorio)
Julius Caesar (opera)
Suite No. 5 in E major (harpsichord)
Music for the Royal Fireworks (wind band)
CDs
Scores

Monteverdi, Claudio
 ML410 .M77

1567

1643

Italian

L'Orfeo (opera)
8th Book of Madrigals "Madrigals of War and Love"
Vespro della Beata Vergine (voices, chorus, and orchestra)
CDs
Scores

Pachelbel, Johann

1653

1706

German

Canon and Gigue in D (3 violins and basso continuo)
Toccata in E Minor (organ)
CDs
Scores

Purcell, Henry
 ML410 .P93

1659

1695

English

The Fairy Queen (semi-opera)
Te Deum (choir and orchestra)
Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary (choir and orchestra)
CDs
Scores

Rameau, Jean-Phillippe
 ML410 .R2

1683

1764

French

Pièces de clavecin (harpsichord)
Pygmalion (opera)
CDs
Scores

Scarlatti, Alessandro
 ML410 .S22

1660

1725

Italian

La Giuditta (opera)
St. Cecilia Mass
CDs
Scores

Scarlatti, Domenico
 ML410 .S221

1685

1757

Italian

Essercizi (keyboard)
Salve Regina (choir)
CDs
Scores

Telemann, Georg Phillipp
 ML410 .T26

1681

1767

German

Tafelmusik (chamber)
St. Matthew Passion (choir and orchestra)
Viola Concerto in G Major (viola and orchestra)
CDs
Scores

Vivaldi, Antonio
 ML410 .V82

1678

1741

Italian

The Four Seasons (violin and orchestra)
Juditha triumphans (oratorio)
Gloria (choir)
Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings and Continuo in G major
CDs
Scores

Baroque Composers (1600 - 1750)

If you are a student of Music History or Composition, here is a more detailed list of composers you should know from this period.

Name

Birth

Death

Nationality

Representative Pieces

MMC

Albinoni, Tomaso
 ML410 .A315

1671

1751

Italian

Oboe Concerto No. 2 in D Minor (oboe and strings)
Il Nascimento de l'Aurora (opera)
CDs
Scores

Bach, Johann Sebastian
 ML410 .B1

1685

1750

German

Mass in B Minor
Brandenburg Concertos (chamber)
St. Matthew Passion (oratorio)
The Well-Tempered Clavier (keyboard)
CDs
Scores

Biber, Heinrich Ignaz Franz
 ML410 .B586

1644

1704

Bohemian-Austrian

Mysteries of the Rosary (violin and continuo)
Missa Salisburgensis (mass)
CDs
Scores

Buxtehude, Dieterich
 ML410 .B99

~1637

1707

German-Danish

19 Preludes (organ)
Membra Jesu Nostri (cantatas)
CDs
Scores

Carissimi, Giacomo
 ML410 .C3268

1605

1674

Italian

Jephte (oratorio) CDs
Scores

Cavalli, Francesco
 ML410 .C3913

1602

1676

Italian

Magnificats (choir)
L'Artemisia (opera)
CDs
Scores

Charpentier, Marc-Antoine
 ML410 .C42

1645

1704

French

Te Deum (motet)
Médée (opera)
CDs
Scores

Corelli, Arcangelo
 ML410 .C78

1653

1713

Italian

Christmas Concerto (chamber)
Trio Sonatas, Op. 3 (violins and continuo)
CDs
Scores

Couperin, François
 ML410 .C855

1668

1733

French

Leçons de ténèbres (voice, bass viol, & organ)
The Art of Playing the Harpsichord
CDs
Scores

Frescobaldi, Girolamo
 ML410 .F85

1583

1643

Italian

Fiori musicali (organ)
Toccate e partite (keyboard)

CDs
Scores

Galuppi, Baldassare

1706

1785

Italian

La clemenza di Tito (opera)
L'oracolo del Vaticano (voices and orchestra)

 
Scores

Geminiani, Francesco
 ML410 .G26

1687

1762

Italian

Concerti Grossi, Op. 3 (strings and continuo)

CDs
Scores

Gibbons, Orlando
 ML410 .G295

1583

1625

English

The Silver Swan (madrigal)
Lord Salisbury's Pavan (virginal)

CDs
Scores

Handel, George Frideric
 ML410 .H13

1685

1759

German

Messiah (oratorio)
Julius Caesar (opera)
Suite No. 5 in E major (harpsichord)
Music for the Royal Fireworks (wind band)
CDs
Scores

Lotti, Antonio

~1667

1740

Italian

Missa Sapientiae (mass) CDs
Scores

Lully, Jean-Baptiste
 ML410 .L95

1632

1687

French

Alceste (opera)
Ballet de la Raillerie (chamber)
Le Bourgeois gentilhomme (comedy ballet)

CDs
Scores

Monteverdi, Claudio
 ML410 .M77

1567

1643

Italian

L'Orfeo (opera)
8th Book of Madrigals "Madrigals of War and Love"
Vespro della Beata Vergine (voices, chorus, and orchestra)

CDs
Scores

Pachelbel, Johann

1653

1706

German

Canon and Gigue in D (3 violins and basso continuo)
Toccata in E Minor (organ)

CDs
Scores

Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista

1710

1736

Italian

Stabat Mater (chamber)
La serva padrona (opera buffa)
CDs
Scores

Peri, Jacopo

1561

1633

Italian

Euridice (opera) CDs
Scores

Praetorius, Michael

1571

1621

German

Musae Sioniae (choir)
Terpsichore (instrumental dances)

CDs
Scores

Purcell, Henry
 ML410 .P93

1659

1695

English

The Fairy Queen (semi-opera)
Te Deum (choir and orchestra)
Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary (choir and orchestra)
CDs
Scores

Quantz, Johann Joachim

1697

1773

German

Flute concerto in D Major "Potsdam" (flute and continuo) CDs
Scores

Rameau, Jean-Phillippe
 ML410 .R2

1683

1764

French

Pièces de clavecin (harpsichord)
Pygmalion (opera)
CDs
Scores

Sammartini, Giovanni Battista

~1700

1775

Italian

Symphony in G Minor (string orchestra)
Magnificat in Bb Major (choir and orchestra)
CDs
Scores

Scarlatti, Alessandro
 ML410 .S22

1660

1725

Italian

La Giuditta (opera)
St. Cecilia Mass
CDs
Scores

Scarlatti, Domenico
 ML410 .S221

1685

1757

Italian

Essercizi (keyboard)
Salve Regina (choir)
CDs
Scores

Scheidt, Samuel

1587

1653

German

Tabulatura nova (organ)
Ludi musici (chamber)
CDs
Scores

Schein, Johann Hermann

1586

1630

German

Banchetto musicale (chamber)
Fontana d'Israel (choir and chamber ensemble)
CDs
Scores

Schütz, Heinrich
 ML410 .S35

1585

1672

German

Cantiones sacrae (choir and organ)
Musikalische exequien (vocal)
CDs
Scores

Strozzi, Barbara

1619

1677

Italian

Arie a voce sola (soprano and continuo) CDs
Scores

Sweelinck, Jan Pieterszoon
 ML410 .S97

1562

1621

Dutch

Cantiones Sacrae (vocal)
Onder een linde groen (organ)
CDs
Scores

Tartini, Giuseppe
 ML410 .T18

1692

1770

Italian

Devil's Trill Sonata (in G Minor) (violin)
Violin Concerto in D Major (violin and string orchestra)
CDs
Scores

Telemann, Georg Phillipp
 ML410 .T26

1681

1767

German

Tafelmusik (chamber)
St. Matthew Passion (choir and orchestra)
Viola Concerto in G Major (viola and orchestra)
CDs
Scores

Vivaldi, Antonio
 ML410 .V82

1678

1741

Italian

The Four Seasons (violin and orchestra)
Juditha triumphans (oratorio)
Gloria (choir)
Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings and Continuo in G major

CDs
Scores

Zelenka, Johann Dismas

1679

1745

Czech

Missa Sanctissimae Trinitatis (mass)
Capriccio in G Major (orchestra)

 
Scores