Skip to main content

Composers You Should Know: Classical

Lists, facts, dates, links, and more, organized by time period

Notable Classical Composers (1750 - 1820)

If you wish to be generally familiar with classical music, here is a short list of composers you should know from this period.

Name

Birth

Death

Nationality

Representative Pieces

MMC

Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel
 ML410 .B16

1714

1788

German

Die Israeliten in der Wüste (oratorio)
Flute Concerto in D Minor (flute and string orchestra)
Fantasia in G Minor (keyboard)

CDs
Scores

Bach, Johann Christian
 ML410 .B15

1735

1782

German

Sinfonia Concertante in A Major (orchestra)
Zanaida (opera)
Keyboard Concerto in F Major

CDs
Scores

Beethoven, Ludwig van
 ML410 .B4

1770

1827

German

Symphonies Nos. 5 & 9
Missa Solemnis (mass)
Pathétique sonata (piano)
Fidelio (opera)
Bagatelle in A Minor (piano)
CDs
Scores

Billings, William
 ML410 .B588

1746

1800

American

Chester (four voices)
Africa (four voices)
CDs
Scores

Boccherini, Luigi
 ML410 .B66

1743

1805

Italian

Cello Concerto in Bb
Over 150 String Quintets

CDs
Scores

Bortniansky, Dmitry

1751

1825

Russian

Sacred Concerto No. 15 (choir)


Cherubini, Luigi
 ML410 .C5

1760

1842

Italian

Requiem in C Minor (mass)
Medée (opera)

CDs
Scores

Haydn, Joseph
 ML410 .H4

1732

1809 

Austrian

String Quartet Opus 20 "Sun"
Symphony No. 94 in G Major "The Surprise"
Mass in Time of War

CDs
Scores

Haydn, Michael

1737

1806

Austrian

Requiem in C Minor (mass)
Symphony No. 23
Saint Francis Mass in D Minor

CDs
Scores

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
 ML410 .M9

1756

 1791

Austrian

Requiem (mass)
The Magic Flute (opera)
30 Piano Concertos
Eine Kleine Nachtmusik (orchestra)

CDs
Scores

Salieri, Antonio

1750

1825

Italian

Falstaff (opera)
Les Danaïdes (opera)


Scores

Schubert, Franz
 ML410 .S3

1797

1828

Austrian

Symphony No. 9 in C Major "The Great" (orchestra)
Gretchen am Spinnrade (voice and piano)
Marches militaires (piano 4-hands)

CDs
Scores

Classical Composers (1750 - 1820)

If you are a student of Music History or Composition, here is a more detailed list of composers you should know from this period.

Name

Birth

Death

Nationality

Representative Pieces

MMC

Abel, Carl Friedrich

1723

1787

German

27 Pieces for Unaccompanied Viola da Gamba
Symphony No. 3 in D Major

Scores

Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel
 ML410 .B16

1714

1788

German

Die Israeliten in der Wüste (oratorio)
Flute Concerto in D Minor (flute and string orchestra)
Fantasia in G Minor (keyboard)

CDs
Scores

Bach, Johann Christian
 ML410 .B15

1735

1782

German

Sinfonia Concertante in A Major (orchestra)
Zanaida (opera)
Keyboard Concerto in F Major

CDs
Scores

Beethoven, Ludwig van
 ML410 .B4

1770

1827

German

Symphonies Nos. 5 & 9
Missa Solemnis (mass)
Pathétique sonata (piano)
Fidelio (opera)
Bagatelle in A Minor (piano)
CDs
Scores

Berezovsky, Maksym

~1745

1777

Ukranian

Liturgy (esp. Otche Nash) (choir)

Billings, William
 ML410 .B588

1746

1800

American

Chester (four voices)
Africa (four voices)
CDs
Scores

Boccherini, Luigi
 ML410 .B66

1743

1805

Italian

Cello Concerto in Bb
Over 150 String Quintets

CDs
Scores

Bortniansky, Dmitry

1751

1825

Russian

Sacred Concerto No. 15 (choir)

Cherubini, Luigi
 ML410 .C5

1760

1842

Italian

Requiem in C Minor (mass)
Medée (opera)

CDs
Scores

Cimarosa, Domenico

1749

1801

Italian

Il matrimonio segreto (opera)

CDs
Scores

Clementi, Muzio
 ML410 .C64

1752

1832

Italian

Gradus ad Parnassum (piano) CDs
Scores

Danzi, Franz

1763

1826

German

Wind Quintet Op. 67, No. 2 in E Minor CDs
Scores

Dittersdorf, Carl Ditters von

1739

1799

Austrian

Six String Quartets
6 Symphonies after Ovid's Metamorphoses (orchestra)


Scores

Dussek, Johann Ladislaus
 ML410 .D96

1760

1812

Czech

Piano Sonata in F# Minor, Op. 61 "Elegie Harmonique"
Sonata in C Minor (harp)
 
Scores

Eberl, Anton
 ML410 .E2

1765

1807

Austrian

Grand Quintet in G Minor (piano, clarinet, 2 violas, & cello)
Piano Concerto in Eb Major
 
Scores

Field, John
 ML410 .F445

1782

1837

Irish

Piano Concerto No. 2
Nocturne No. 1 (piano)
CDs
Scores

Gluck, Christoph Willibald
 ML410 .G5

1714

1787

German

Orfeo ed Euridice (opera)
Don Juan (ballet)

CDs
Scores

Gossec, François Joseph

1734

1829

French

Le Triomphe de la Republique (opera)
Gavotte (violin and piano)

 
Scores

Haydn, Joseph
 ML410 .H4

1732

1809 

Austrian

String Quartet Opus 20 "Sun"
Symphony No. 94 in G Major "The Surprise"
Mass in Time of War

CDs
Scores

Haydn, Michael

1737

1806

Austrian

Requiem in C Minor (mass)
Symphony No. 23
Saint Francis Mass in D Minor

CDs
Scores

Hummel, Johann Nepomuk
 ML410 .H93

1778

1837

Austrian

Te Deum (choir and orchestra)
Piano Concerto in A Minor
Serenade en potpourri (No. 1) (chamber ensemble)

CDs
Scores

Kraus, Joseph Martin

1756

1792

Swedish

Symphony in D Major (orchestra)
Pantomimes (ballet)

 
Scores

Le Sueur, Jean-François

1760

1837

French

Ossian ou Les bardes (opera)

 
Scores

Martini, Giovanni Battista

1706

1784

Italian

Requiem (mass)
Harpsichord Sonata No. 3

CDs
Scores

Méhul, Étienne

1763

1817

French

Stratonice (opera)
Symphony No. 2 (orchestra)

 
Scores

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
 ML410 .M9

1756

 1791

Austrian

Requiem (mass)
The Magic Flute (opera)
30 Piano Concertos
Eine Kleine Nachtmusik (orchestra)

CDs
Scores

Mysliveček, Josef

1737

1781

Czech

Partita in Bb Major (chamber ensemble)
Sinfonie Concertante in D Major (orchestra)

CDs
Scores

Pleyel, Ignaz

1757

1831

Austrian/French

String Quartets in A Major
Symphony in D Major (orchestra)

CDs
Scores

Reicha, Anton

1770

1836

Bohemian/French

Wind Quintet No. 2
L'Art de varier (piano)

CDs
Scores

Salieri, Antonio

1750

1825

Italian

Falstaff (opera)
Les Danaïdes (opera)


Scores

Schubert, Franz
 ML410 .S3

1797

1828

Austrian

Symphony No. 9 in C Major "The Great" (orchestra)
Gretchen am Spinnrade (voice and piano)
Marches militaires (piano 4-hands)

CDs
Scores

Soler, Antonio

1729

1783

Spanish

Six Concertos for Two Organs
Fandango (harpsichord)
 
Scores

Sor, Fernando

1778

1839

Spanish

Serenade in E Major (guitar)
Studies, Op. 6 (guitar)
CDs

Stamitz, Carl

1745

1801

German/Czech

Clarinet Concerto No. 9
Symphony in D Minor (orchestra)
CDs
Scores

Stamitz, Johann
 ML410 .S811

1717

1757

Czech

Symphony in D Major (orchestra) CDs
Scores

Wesley, Samuel

1766

1837

English

Psalm 42 (choir)
Symphony No. 4 in D Major (orchestra)


Scores