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Artists You Should Know: 18th & 19th Century

Lists, facts, dates, links, and more, organized by period/movement

Notable 18th & 19th Century Artists (1750-1880)

If you wish to be generally familiar with art history, here is a short list of artists you should know from this period.

Name

Birth

Death

Nationality

Movement(s)

Primary Medium

Representative Works

Courbet, Gustave
 ND553 .C9

1819

1877

French

Realism Painting
Sculpture
The Stonebreakers
Burial at Ornans

David, Jacques-Louis
 ND553 .D25

1748

1825

French

Neoclassical Painting The Death of Marat
Death of Socrates

Degas, Edgar
 ND553. D3

1834

1917

French

Impressionism Painting
Sculpture
A Cotton Office in New Orleans
The Bellelli Family

Delacroix, Eugène
 ND553 .D33

1798

1863

French

Romanticism Painting July 28: Liberty Leading the People
The Death of Sardanapalus

Goya, Francisco
 ND813 .G7

1746

1828

Spanish

Romanticism Painting
Printmaking
The Third of May 1808
King Charles IV of Spain and his Family
The Naked Maja

Homer, Winslow
 ND237 .H7

1836

1910

American

Realism Painting
Wood Engraving
Prisoners from the Front
Breezing Up (A Fair Wind)

Manet, Édouard
 ND553 .M3

1832

1883

French

Impressionism
Realism
Painting A Bar at the Folies-Bergère
The Luncheon on the Grass

Monet, Claude
 ND553 .M7

1840

1926

French

Impressionism Painting Water Lilies
Impression, Sunrise
Haystacks

Pissaro, Camille
 ND553 .P55

1830

1903

Danish-French

Impressionism Painting Two Women Chatting By the Sea
Le chemin

Turner, Joseph M.W.
 ND497 .T8

1775

1851

English

Romanticism Painting Dutch Boats in a Gale
The Fighting Temeraire
Rain, Steam, and Speed

van Gogh, Vincent
 ND653 .G7

1853

1890

Dutch

Post-impressionism Painting Starry Night
Cafe Terrace at Night
Sunflowers

18th & 19th Century Artists (1750-1880)

If you are a student of Art or Art History, here is a more detailed list of artists you should know from this period.

Name

Birth

Death

Nationality

Movement(s)

Primary Medium

Representative Works

Abildgaard, Nicolai
 

1743

1809

Danish

Neoclassical Painting The Wounded Philoctetes
Jupiter Weighs the Fate of Mankind

Buberl, Caspar

1834

1899

American

Gothic Revival Sculpture Civil War Monuments (esp. Gettysburg)
Pension Building frieze, Washington, D.C.

Courbet, Gustave
 ND553 .C9

1819

1877

French

Realism Painting
Sculpture
The Stonebreakers
Burial at Ornans

David, Jacques-Louis
 ND553 .D25

1748

1825

French

Neoclassical Painting The Death of Marat
Death of Socrates

Degas, Edgar
 ND553. D3

1834

1917

French

Impressionism Painting
Sculpture
A Cotton Office in New Orleans
The Bellelli Family

Delacroix, Eugène
 ND553 .D33

1798

1863

French

Romanticism Painting July 28: Liberty Leading the People
The Death of Sardanapalus

Falconet, Étienne Maurice
 NB553 .F2

1716

1791

French

Rococo Sculpture The Bronze Horseman
Pygmalion and Galatea

Flaxman, John
 NC242 .F57

1755

1826

British

Neoclassical Sculpture
Engraving
St. Michael Overcoming Satan
The Iliad & The Odyssey (illustrations)

Friedrich, Caspar David
 ND588 .F75

1774

1840

German

Romanticism Painting
Chalk Cliffs on Rügen
Wanderer above the Sea of Fog
The Stages of Life

Géricault, Théodore
 ND553 .G45

1791

1824

French

Romanticism Painting
Lithography
The Raft of the Medusa
Woman Suffering from Obsessive Envy

Goya, Francisco
 ND813 .G7

1746

1828

Spanish

Romanticism Painting
Printmaking
The Third of May 1808
King Charles IV of Spain and his Family
The Naked Maja

Healy, George Peter Alexander

1813

1894

American

Realism Painting Abraham Lincoln
The Peacemakers

Homer, Winslow
 ND237 .H7

1836

1910

American

Realism Painting
Wood Engraving
Prisoners from the Front
Breezing Up (A Fair Wind)

Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique
 ND553 .I5

1780

1867

French

Neoclassical Painting The Turkish Bath
Jupiter and Thetis

Le Brun, Élisabeth Vigée

1755

1842

French

Rococo
Neoclassical
Painting Marie Antoinette
Self Portrait in a Straw Hat

Manet, Édouard
 ND553 .M3

1832

1883

French

Impressionism
Realism
Painting A Bar at the Folies-Bergère
The Luncheon on the Grass

Monet, Claude
 ND553 .M7

1840

1926

French

Impressionism Painting Water Lilies
Impression, Sunrise
Haystacks

Orlovsky, Boris

1796

1837

Russian

Neoclassical Sculpture Mikhail Kutuzov
Satyr and Bacchante

Pissaro, Camille
 ND553 .P55

1830

1903

Danish-French

Impressionism Painting Two Women Chatting By the Sea
Le chemin

Turner, Joseph M.W.
 ND497 .T8

1775

1851

English

Romanticism Painting Dutch Boats in a Gale
The Fighting Temeraire
Rain, Steam, and Speed

van Gogh, Vincent
 ND653 .G7

1853

1890

Dutch

Post-impressionism Painting Starry Night
Cafe Terrace at Night
Sunflowers