Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Nursing Science and Research: PICOT Elements


Image from: HPU Libraries, Hawai'i Pacific Library

PICOT Elements

Research Question: Is the use of soap and water or alcohol-based rubs more effective in preventing hospital infections?

Patient Intervention Comparison Outcome Time

Hospital Patients


Soap and Water

Hand Washing

Alcohol rubs Infection Prevention Hospital duration

Subject Headings

(Thesarus Terms)

Hand Disinfection

Hand Hygiene

Hand Sanitizers

Cross Infection

Nosocomial Infection

Length of Stay


** To search for Subject Headings, go to