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Citing Business Sources: MLA: Business Citations

MLA: BUSINESS CITATIONS

MLA rules for this website are taken from the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th Edition. Copies of this style manual are available in reference and in the general collection at call number LB2369 .G53 2009.

The resources listed below will also help you with MLA citation format:

   ♦ Modern Language Association: MLA Style
   ♦ Purdue OWL Online Writing Lab: MLA Formatting & Style Guide

From MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th Edition (p. 129):

"While it is tempting to think that every source has only one complete and correct format for its entry in a list of works cited, in truth there are often several options for recording key features of a work...You may need to improvise when the type of scholarly project or the publication medium of a source is not anticipated by this handbook."


This guide has been compiled by referencing the MLA Handbook, the Purdue OWL website, and by consulting the work of other business librarians who have created guides for business citation. Business citations are not directly addressed in the MLA manual, so the decisions on how to create many of these citations have been a matter of interpretation.

For help with writing and citation format, visit the YSU Writing Center on the lower level of Maag Library.

MLA IN-TEXT CITATIONS:

You must provide parenthetical references (in-text citations) for quotes, paraphrases, and summaries used within a paper. The parenthetical reference refers the reader to the complete bibliographic citation on the Works Cited page.

According to MLA guidelines, you must provide the last name of the author(s) and the page number(s) in parentheses at the end of the borrowed material. If you use the author name(s) in the sentence, it need not appear in the parentheses at the end. The page number(s), however, should always appear in the parentheses at the end. Use abbreviations where appropriate so the flow of the paper is interrupted as little as possible.

"U.S. imports of certified coffee exploded from 1.3 million pounds in 1999 to almost 45 million pounds in 2005, for a total value of $45 million" (Jaffee 16).

If you introduce borrowed material with the author's name, put only the page number in parentheses at the end of the borrowed material.

According to Jaffee, "U.S. imports of certified coffee exploded from 1.3 million pounds in 1999 to almost 45 million pounds in 2005, for a total value of $45 million" (16).

More than one page: (Jaffee 116-17).

More than one author in list with the same last name, add first initial: (D. Jaffee 16).

More than one author in list with the same last name and first initial, add full first name: (Daniel Jaffee 16).

2-3 authors, give last name of each: (Thurston, Morris, and Steiman 56).

More than 3 authors, use first author's last name followed by et al.: (Curran et al. 2601-09).

Corporate author, use corporation name, shortened or in full: (International Trade Centre 61).

No known author, use shortened title of work.

The title should be placed within quotation marks (articles) or italicized (books, entire websites).

2 or more works with same title and no author listed, add a publication fact, such as the date.

More than one work by an author, add cited title, shortened or in full, after the author's last name: (Fridell, Coffee 73).

Electronic publications sometimes include paragraph numbers or other kinds of reference numbers (par., sec., etc.).


 Sample Works Cited

Curran, Sara R., et al., eds. The Global Governance of Food. New York: Routledge, 2009. Print.

Fridell, Gavin. Coffee. Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2014. Print.

---. Fair Trade Coffee: The Prospects and Pitfalls of Market-Driven Social Justice. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007. Print.

International Trade Centre. The Coffee Exporter's Guide. 3rd ed. Geneva: International Trade Centre, 2011. Print.

Jaffee, Daniel. Brewing Justice: Fair Trade Coffee, Sustainability, and Survival. Oakland, California: University of California Press,

       2014. Print.

Peyser, Rick, and Bill Mares. Brewing Change: Behind the Bean at Green Mountain Coffee Roasters. Shelburne, VT: Wind Ridge

       Publishing, 2012. Print.

Thurston, Robert W., Jonathan Morris, and Shawn Steiman, eds. Coffee: A Comprehensive Guide to the Bean, the Beverage, and

       the Industry. Lanham, Md.:Rowman & Littlefield, 2013. Print.


Examples of the appropriate in-text citations are included for each type of source listed in the sections below.

MLA CITATION BASICS:

♦ MLA citation page title: Works Cited (centered)

♦ 1" margins on all sides / 12-point font / Number pages in upper right hand corner (1/2" from top)

♦ Double space citations on Works Cited page. 

♦ Alphabetize Works Cited page by author last name or title of document if no author name exists. Authors can be  individuals or
   groups/organizations. If a title begins with a number, mentally spell out number when determining alphabetical order.

♦ For more than one work by the same author, order the entries alphabetically by title, and use three hyphens in place of the
   author's name for every entry after the first:

Fridell, Gavin. Coffee. Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2014. Print.

---. Fair Trade Coffee: The Prospects and Pitfalls of Market-Driven Social Justice. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007.

       Print.

♦ Hanging indentation: If a Works Cited entry continues to a second line, indent all subsequent lines 1/2".

♦ One author/editor: Fridell, Gavin.
   Two authors/editors: Peyser, Rick, and Bill Mares.
   Three authors/editors: Thurston, Robert W., Jonathan Morris, and Shawn Steiman, eds.
   More than 3 authors/editors: Curran, Sara., et al.,eds.

♦ If the work has an editor, compiler, or translator instead of an author, follow the name with a comma, then ed., comp., or trans.

♦ In general, omit titles, affiliations, and degrees that precede or follow names. An essential suffix appears after the name,
   preceded by a comma: Rust, Arthur George, Jr. OR Rockefeller, John D., IV.

♦ If no author/editor is listed, start citation with title.

♦ Capitalize each word in the titles of articles, books, etc. Do not capitalize articles (the, an), prepositions, or conjunctions
   unless one is the first word of the title or subtitle.

♦ Use these abbreviations when the information is unavailable: No publisher: n.p.; No publication date: n.d..

♦ If more than one city of publication is listed, give only the first listed on the title page of the book.

♦ Including a URL is optional, but may be required by your instructor. If required, add URL at end of citation in angle  brackets. If the
   URL continues to a second line, divide it after a backslash. Example:

"Beyond the Cup: Sustainability Report Fiscal 2014." Keurig Green Mountain. Keurig Green Mountain, Inc., 2 Feb. 2015.  Web. 19 Mar.

       2015. <http://www.keuriggreenmountain.com/~/media/Sustainability/PDF/ReportsDisclosures/ 

       Keurig_Fiscal2014_SustainabilityReport.ashx>.

♦ Indicate the Medium of Publication: Print, Web, Film, CD-ROM, DVD...

PRINT BOOKS:

Author(s)/Editor(s). Title of Book. Edition. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Print.

Note: If work has an editor, compiler, or translator instead of an author, follow name with a comma, then ed., comp., or trans.


Book with Single Author/Editor:

Jaffee, Daniel. Brewing Justice: Fair Trade Coffee, Sustainability, and Survival. Oakland, California: University of California Press,

       2014. Print.

In-Text Citation: (Jaffee 6).


Two Books by the Same Author/Editor:

Fridell, Gavin. Coffee. Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2014. Print.

---. Fair Trade Coffee: The Prospects and Pitfalls of Market-Driven Social Justice. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007. Print.

In-Text Citation: (Fridell, Coffee 73).

Note: For more than one work by the same author, use three hyphens in place of the author's name for every entry after the first.


Two Authors/Editors:

Peyser, Rick, and Bill Mares. Brewing Change: Behind the Bean at Green Mountain Coffee Roasters. Shelburne, VT: Wind Ridge

       Publishing, 2012. Print.

In-Text Citation:(Peyser and Mares 27-28).


Three Authors/Editors:

Thurston, Robert W., Jonathan Morris, and Shawn Steiman, eds. Coffee: A Comprehensive Guide to the Bean, the Beverage, and

       the Industry. Lanham, Md.:Rowman & Littlefield, 2013. Print.

In-Text Citation: (Thurston, Morris, and Steiman 56).


Four or More Authors/Editors:

Curran, Sara R., et al., eds. The Global Governance of Food. New York: Routledge, 2009. Print.

In-Text Citation:  (Curran et al. 2601-09).

Note: You may also include full names of all the authors in the order listed on the title page.


Corporate Author:

International Trade Centre. The Coffee Exporter's Guide. 3rd ed. Geneva: International Trade Centre, 2011. Print.

In-Text Citation: (International Trade Centre 61)

Note: Omit any initial article (A, An, The) in the name, and do not abbreviate the name.


No Author:

Begin citation with title.

NAICS Desk Reference: The North American Industry Classification System Desk Reference. Indianapolis, IN: JIST, 2000. Print.

In-Text Citation: (NAICS 768).

Note: No known author, use shortened title of work. The title should be placed within quotation marks (articles) or italicized (books, entire websites).


Chapter/Essay in a Book:

"Title of Chapter/Essay/Entry." Title of Source. Editor Name. Volume Number. City of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication.

       Page Number(s). Print.

"Coffee House: Coffee Circus." Business Plans Handbook: A Compilation of Actual Business Plans Developed by Small Businesses

       throughout North America. Ed. Angela Shupe. Vol. 4. New York: Gale Research, 1997. 97-117. Print.

In-Text Citation: ("Coffee House" 99).

Note: Use this method for information taken from reference books.

Note: No need to include page numbers if entries are in alphabetical order within the reference book.

ELECTRONIC BOOKS:

Author(s)/Editor(s). Title of Book. Edition. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Name of Database. Web. Date

       accessed.

Langen, Nina. Ethics in Consumer Choice: An Empirical Analysis Based on the Example of Coffee. Dordrecht: Springer, 2013.

       OhioLINK Electronic Book Center. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Langen 167).

Finch, Brian. How to Write a Business Plan. 4th ed. London: Kogan Page, 2013. Safari Books Online. Web. 23 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Finch 54-55).

Mancuso, Anthony. Your Limited Liability Company : An Operating Manual. Berkeley, CA: Nolo, 1999. EBSCO eBook Collection. Web.

       13 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Mancuso 97).

ARTICLES - PRINT & ONLINE:

Scholarly Journal Article - Print:

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of the Periodical Volume.Issue (Year of Publication): Page number(s). Print.

Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov, and Niklas Rudholm. "Does Shelf-Labeling of Organic Foods Increase Sales? Results from a Natural Experiment."

       Journal of Retailing & Consumer Services 21.5 (2014): 804-11. Print.

In-Text Citation: (Daunfeldt and Rudholm 805).

Journal Article with No Issue Number:

Wilson, Adam P., and Norbert L.W. Wilson. "The Economics of Quality in the Specialty Coffee Industry: Insights from the Cup of

       Excellence Auction Programs." Agricultural Economics 45 (2014): 91-105. Print.

In-Text Citation: (Wilson and Wilson 96).


Scholarly Journal Article - Database:

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of the Periodical Volume.Issue (Year of Publication): Page number(s). Database Title. Web. Date

       accessed.

Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov, and Niklas Rudholm. "Does Shelf-Labeling of Organic Foods Increase Sales? Results from a Natural Experiment."

       Journal Of Retailing & Consumer Services 21.5 (2014): 804-11. Business Source Complete. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Daunfeldt and Rudholm 805).

Journal Article with No Issue Number:

Wilson, Adam P., and Norbert L.W. Wilson. "The Economics of Quality in the Specialty Coffee Industry: Insights from the Cup of

       Excellence Auction Programs." Agricultural Economics 45 (2014): 91-105. Business Source Complete. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Wilson and Wilson 96).


Magazine/Trade Publication Article - Print:

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of the Periodical Date of Publication: Page number(s). Print.

Cernivec, Stephanie. "From Brand Variety to Category Variety." Beverage Industry Oct. 2014: 36. Print.

In-Text Citation: (Cernivec 36).


Magazine/Trade Publication Article - Database:

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of the Periodical Date of Publication: Page number(s). Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

Cernivec, Stephanie. "From Brand Variety to Category Variety." Beverage Industry Oct. 2014: 36. MasterFILE Premier. Web.

       23 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Cernivec 36).

"Coca-Cola, Keurig Green Mountain Add Hot Brewing To Partnership." Beverage Industry Oct. 2014: 12. MasterFILE Premier. Web.

       13 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: ("Coca-Cola" 12)


Magazine/Trade Publication Article - Web:

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of the Periodical. Publisher, Date of Publication. Web. Date accessed.

Hamblin, James. "A Brewing Problem: What's the Healthiest Way to Keep Everyone Caffeinated?" The Atlantic. Atlantic Monthly

       Group, 2 Mar. 2015. Web. 23 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Hamblin).


Newspaper Article - Print:

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of the Newspaper Date of Publication: Page number(s). Print.

Hall, Kalea. "YSU First to Have Keurig University Program." Vindicator [Youngstown, OH] 10 Mar. 2015: D2. Print.

Note: Include city in brackets if not in newspaper title.

In-Text Citation: (Hall D2).


Newspaper Article - Database:

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of the Newspaper Date of Publication: Page number(s). Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

Hall, Kalea. "YSU First to Have Keurig University Program." Vindicator [Youngstown, OH] 10 Mar. 2015: D2. Newspaper Source. Web.

       13 Mar. 2015.

Note: Include city in brackets if not in newspaper title.

In-Text Citation: (Hall).


Newspaper Article - Web:

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Website. Publisher, Date of Publication. Web. Date accessed.

Hall, Kalea. "YSU First to Have Keurig University Program." Vindy.com. Vindicator, 10 Mar. 2015. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Hall).

CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS - DATABASE:

Author(s). "Title of Presentation/Paper." Title of Proceedings. Vol. number. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Page

       number(s). Database Title. Web. Date accessed. 

Zhao, Chenxiao, et al. "A Study of the Role of Competitive Intelligence in Technology Innovation." Annual International Conference

       on Innovation & Entrepreneurship. Singapore: Global Science & Technology Forum, 2012. 61-66. Entrepreneurial Studies

       Source. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Chenxiao et al. 63).

Rollins, Brandon, Ismet Anitsal, and M. Meral Anitsal. "Viral Marketing For Entrepreneurs." Allied Academies International

       Conference: Proceedings of The Academy of Entrepreneurship. Vol. 18. Candler, NC: Jordan Whitney, 2012. 49. Entrepreneurial

       Studies Source. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Rollins, Anitsal, and Anitsal 49).

WEBSITES:

Note: If no author/editor is listed, start citation with title.
Note: Skip version/edition if not available.
Note: Use n.p. if no publisher / Use n.d. if no date is available.


Entire Website:

Author(s)/Editor(s). Overall Title of Website. Version/Edition. Publisher/Sponsor, Date of Publication. Web. Date accessed.

Keurig Green Mountain. Keurig Green Mountain, Inc., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Keurig Green Mountain).


Page from a Website:

Author(s)/Editor(s). "Title of Page from Website." Overall Title of Website. Version/Edition. Publisher/Sponsor, Date of Publication.

       Web. Date accessed.

"Keurig Green Mountain and DS Services Announce Partnership." Keurig Green Mountain. Keurig Green Mountain,Inc., 3 Mar. 2015.

       Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: ("Keurig Green Mountain and DS Services").

Wikipedia Contributors. "Keurig Green Mountain." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Feb. 2015. Web.

       13 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Wikipedia).


Document from a Website:

Author(s)/Editor(s). "Title of Page from Website." Overall Title of Website. Version/Edition. Publisher/Sponsor, Date of Publication.

       Web. Date accessed.

Rowley, Stuart. "Ford University." Ford. Ford Motor Company, 13 Mar. 2015. Web. 11 Jan. 2016.

In-Text Citation: (Rowley 15).

GOVERNMENT REPORTS & WEBSITES:

Note: If you do not know the author of the document, use the issuing government agency - state the name of the government first, followed by the name of the agency, then additional agency or (sub-)committee names.


Print Government Report with Author:

Author(s). Title of Document. City of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication. Print.

Harlow, Caroline Wold. Hate Crime Reported by Victims and Police. Washington: U.S. Dept. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs,

       Bureau of Justice Statistics, Nov. 2005. Print.

In-Text Citation: (Harlow 19-20).


Print Government Report with No Author:

Government Name. Government Agency. Sub-Agency or (Sub)Committee. Title of Document. Publication/Report Number/

       Congressional Session. City of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication. Print.

United States. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Healthy People 2010: Understanding and Improving HealthWashington: GPO,

       2000. Print.

In-Text Citation: (US Dept. of Health & Human Services 38).


Online Government Report with Author:

Author(s). "Title of Document." Title of Overall WebsitePublication/Report Number/Congressional Session. Publisher, Date of

       Publication. Web. Date accessed.

Harlow, Caroline Wold. "Hate Crime Reported by Victims and Police."Office of Justice Programs. U.S. Dept. of Justice, Office of

       Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Nov. 2005. Web. 11 Sept. 2008.

In-Text Citation: (Harlow 19-20).


Online Government Report with No Author:

Government Name. Government Agency. Sub-Agency or (Sub)Committee. "Title of Document." Title of Overall Website

       Publication/Report Number/Congressional Session. Publisher, Date of Publication. Web. Date accessed.

United States. Dept. of Health and Human Services. "Healthy People 2010: Understanding and Improving Health." Healthy People

       2010U.S. Government Printing Office, 2000. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (US Dept. of Health & Human Services 38).
 

United States. National Science and Technology Council. Committee on Environment and Natural Resources. "Scientific Assessment 

       of the Effects of Global Change on the United States." The White House. U.S. Climate Change Science Program, May 2008. Web.

       15 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (US Natl. Science & Technology Council 79).


NAICS Code from Census Bureau Website:

Government Name. Government Agency. Sub-Agency or (Sub)Committee. "Title of Page from Website." Title of Overall Website

       Publisher, Date of Publication. Web. Date of access. 

United States. Dept. of Commerce. Census Bureau. "2012 NAICS Definition, 311920, Coffee and Tea Manufacturing." North American

       Industry Classification. Census Bureau, 2012. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (US Dept. of Commerce, Census Bureau "2012 NAICS"). 
[Part of title added if more than one Census Bureau reference]


SIC Code from Department of Labor, OSHA Website:

Government Name. Government Agency. Sub-Agency or (Sub)Committee. "Title of Page from Website." Title of Overall Website

       Publisher, Date of Publication. Web. Date of access.

United States. Department of Labor. Occupational Health and Safety Administration. "Description for 2095: Roasted Coffee." 

       Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) System Search. Department of Labor, 1987. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (US Dept. of Labor, OSHA).


Print Congressional Hearing:

Government Name. Government Agency. Sub-Agency or (Sub)Committee. Title of Document. Congressional Session. Document

       Number. City of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication. Print.

United States. Cong. House. Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. Al-Qaeda: The Many Faces of an Islamist Extremist

       Threat. 109th Cong., 2nd sess. H. Rept. 615. Washington: GPO, 2006. Print.

In-Text Citation: (US Cong. House 32).

---. ---. Joint Committee on the Investigation of the Pearl Harbor Attack. Hearings. 79th Cong., 1st and 2nd sess. 32 vols. 

       Washington: GPO, 1946. Print.

In-Text Citation: (U.S. Cong. Joint Committee 79).

---. ---. Senate. Subcommittee on Constitutional Amendments of the Committee on the Judiciary. Hearings on the "Equal Rights"

       Amendment. 91st Cong., 2nd sess. S. Res. 61. Washington: GPO, 1970, Print.

In-Text Citation: (US Senate 13).

Note: If you are citing two or more works issued by the same government, substitute three hyphens for the name in each entry after the first. If you also cite more than one work by the same government agency, use an additional three hyphens in place of the agency in the second entry and each subsequent one (MLA Handbook, p.175).


Online Congressional Hearing:

Government Name. Government Agency. Sub-Agency or (Sub)Committee. "Title of Document." Congressional Session. Document

       Number. Title of Overall Website. Publisher, Date of Publication. Web. Date accessed.

United States. Cong. House. Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. Al-Qaeda: The Many Faces of an Islamist Extremist

       Threat. 109th Cong., 2nd sess. H. Rept. 615. FDsys: Federal Digital System. U.S. Government Printing Office, 2006. Web.

       15 Sept 2015.

In-Text Citation: (US Cong. House 32).


Occupational Employment Statistics (Bureau of Labor Statistics):

Government Name. Government Agency. Sub-Agency or (Sub)Committee. "Title of Page from Website." Title of Overall Website

       Publisher, Date of Publication. Web. Date of access.

United States. Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics. "May 2014 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and

       Wage Estimates, NAICS 482100 - Rail Transportation." Occupational Employment StatisticsDivision of Employment Statistics,

       May 2014. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (US Dept. of Labor, BLS).
In-Text Citation: (US Dept. of Labor, BLS "May 2014). [Part of title added if more than one BLS reference]


Census Bureau Population Data:

Government Name. Government Agency. Sub-Agency or (Sub)Committee. "Title of Page/Table." Title of Overall WebsitePublisher,

       Date of Publication. Web. Date accessed.

United States. Dept. of Commerce. Census Bureau. Population Division. "Table 2-32: New York: Total Voting-Age Population and

       Citizen Voting-Age Population by Sex, for Counties: 2000." United States Census 2000. U.S. Census Bureau, 4 Mar. 2004. Web.

       12 Aug. 2009.

In-Text Citation: (US Dept. of Commerce, Census Bureau, Population Division).


Economic Census (Census Bureau):

Government Name. Government Agency. Sub-Agency or (Sub)Committee. "Title of Page/Table." Title of Overall WebsitePublisher,

       Date of Publication. Web. Date accessed.

United States. Dept. of Commerce. Census Bureau. "Retail Trade: Geographic Area Series: Summary Statistics for the United States,

       States, Metro Areas, Counties, and Places: 2012." 2012 Economic Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau, 28 Aug. 2015.

       Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (US Dept. of Commerce, Census Bureau)
In-Text Citation: (US Dept. of Commerce, Census Bureau "Retail Trade") 
[Part of title added if more than one Census Bureau reference]


County Business Patterns (Census Bureau):

Government Name. Government Agency. Sub-Agency or (Sub)Committee. "Title of Page/Table." Title of Overall WebsitePublisher,

       Date of Publication. Web. Date accessed.

United States. Dept. of Commerce. Census Bureau. "2013 MSA Business Patterns: Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Metro Area."

       County Business Patterns. U.S. Census Bureau, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (US Dept. of Commerce, Census Bureau).
In-Text Citation: (US Dept. of Commerce, Census Bureau "2013 MSA"). [Part of title added if more than one Census Bureau reference]


Consumer Expenditure Survey (Bureau of Labor Statistics):

Government Name. Government Agency. Sub-Agency or (Sub)Committee. "Title of Page/Table." Title of Overall Website. Publisher,

       Date of Publication. Web. Date accessed.

United States. Dept. of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Table 2100. Race of Reference Person: Annual Expenditure Means, Shares,

       Standard Errors, and Coefficients of Variation, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2014." Consumer Expenditure Survey. U.S. Bureau

       of Labor Statistics, Sept. 2015. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (US Dept. of Labor, BLS)
In-Text Citation: (US Dept. of Labor, BLS "Table 2100"). [Part of title added if more than one BLS reference]


World Development Indicators from World DataBank:

Author/Compiler. "Title of Page/Table." Title of Overall Website. Publisher, Date of Publication. Web. Date accessed.

World Bank. "C02 Emissions (Metric Tons Per Capita)." World Development Indicators. World Bank Group, 2015. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (World Bank).

ANNUAL REPORTS / SEC FILINGS:

Annual Report/SEC Filing - Print:

Title of 10-K or Annual Report. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of publication. Print.

Keurig Green Mountain, Inc. Fiscal 2014 Annual Report. Waterbury, VT: Keurig Green Mountain, 2014. Print.

In-Text Citation: (Keurig Annual Report 9).


Annual Report/SEC Filing from a Company Website:

"Title of 10-K or Annual Report." Title of Overall Website. Publisher, Date of publication. Web. Date accessed. 

"Keurig Green Mountain, Inc. Fiscal 2014 Annual Report." Keurig.  Keurig Green Mountain, Inc., 19 Nov. 2014. Web.16 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Keurig Annual Report 9).


Annual Report/SEC Filing from SEC EDGAR Database:

"Title of 10-K or Annual Report." Title of Overall Website. Publisher, Date of Publication. Web. Date accessed. 

"Keurig Green Mountain, Inc. Form 10-K for Fiscal Year Ended September 27, 2014." EDGAR. Securities and Exchange

       Commission, 2014. EDGAR. Web. 16 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Keurig Form 10-K 29).


Annual Report/SEC Filing from a Database:

Title of 10-K or Annual Report. Publisher, Year of Publication. Database Title. Web. Date accessed. 

Keurig Green Mountain, Inc. Form 10-K for Fiscal Year Ended September 27, 2014. Keurig Green Mountain, Inc., 2014. Mergent

       Online. Web. 16 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Keurig Form 10-K 29).

BUSINESS INSIGHTS: GLOBAL:

Business Insights: Global includes citation information at the bottom of each document and has a citation tool that formulates citations in APA and MLA formats.


Industry Report from a Reference Source:

"Title of Industry Report." Title of Source. Editor Name. Volume/Edition. City of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication.

       Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

"Roasted Coffee." Encyclopedia of American Industries. 6th Edition. Detroit: Gale, 2014. Business Insights: Global. Web. 

       16 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: ("Roasted Coffee").

Note: Treat this source like a chapter in a reference book and include the following information if available: editor(s), edition and city of publication. This particular source does not list an editor.


Company History from Reference Source:

"Company Name." Title of Source. Editor Name. Volume/Edition. City of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication. Database

       TitleWeb. Date accessed. 

"Keurig, Incorporated." International Directory of Company Histories. Ed. Jay P. Pederson. Vol. 137. Detroit: St. James Press, 2012.

       Business Insights: Global. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: ("Keurig, Incorporated")

Note: Treat this source like a chapter in a reference book and include the following information if available: editor(s), edition and city of publication.


Market Share Report:

"Title of Report." Title of Source. Editor Name. Edition. City of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication. Database TitleWeb.

       Date accessed.

"Top Single-Cup Coffee Makers, 2014." Market Share Reporter. Ed. Robert S. Lazich. 2016 ed. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale, 2016.

       Business Insights: Global. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: ("Top Single-Cup").

Note: Treat this source like a chapter in a reference book and include the following information if available: editor(s), edition and city of publication. This particular source does not list page numbers.


SWOT Reports:

"Title of Report." Title of Source. Publisher, Date of Publication. Database TitleWeb. Date accessed.

"Starbucks Corporation - Financial and Strategic Analysis Review." Global Markets Direct SWOT ReportsGlobalData, 6 Apr. 2015.

       Business Insights: Global. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (GlobalData Ltd. 2).

BUSINESS SOURCE COMPLETE:

For Business Source Complete article citation format, see Articles - Print & Online above.


MarketLine Company Profile:

"Title of Company Profile." Title of Source. Publisher, Date of Publication. Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

"Keurig Green Mountain, Inc. Company Profile." MarketLine/Medtrack Company Profiles. London: MarketLine, 18 Jun. 2015. 

       Business Source Complete. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: ("Keurig" MarketLine 16) [Include part of source title if needed to clarify.]


SWOT Analysis:

"Title of Report." Title of Source. Publisher, Date of Publication. Database TitleWeb. Date accessed.

"Keurig Green Mountain, Inc. SWOT Analysis." Keurig Green Mountain, Inc. Company Profile. MarketLine, 18 Jun. 2015. Business

       Source Complete. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: ("Keurig SWOT Analysis" 3).


Barnes Industry Report:

"Title of Industry Report." Title of Source. Publisher, Date of Publication. Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

"BARNES Reports: Coffee & Tea Mfg. Industry (NAICS 31192)." United States Coffee & Tea Manufacturing Industry Report. C. Barnes &

       Co., 2014. Business Source Complete. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: ("BARNES Reports" 27).


MarketLine Industry Profile:

"Title of Industry Report." Title of Source. Publisher, Date of Publication. Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

"Global Hot Drinks Industry Profile." Hot Drinks Industry Profile: Global. MarketLine, Oct. 2014. Business Source Complete. Web.

       13 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: ("Global Hot Drinks" 32).


Market Research Handbooks:

"Title of Industry Report." Title of Source. Publisher, Date of Publication. Page Number(s). Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

"Coffee." Restaurant, Food & Beverage Market Research Handbook 2014-2015. Richard K. Miller & Assoc., 2014. 444-47. Business

       Source Complete. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: ("Coffee" 445).

Note: It is not required to include page numbers in citation for this source, but they may be included for clarity.


Case Study:

Title of Case Study. Publisher, Date of Publication. Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

Single Serve Coffee Pod Case Study: The Rise Of The One Cup Coffee Trend (Procter & Gamble, Kraft & Nestle). Datamonitor,

       Apr. 2005. Business Source Complete. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Single Serve Coffee 8).


Country Report:

"Title of Report." Title of Source. Publisher, Date of Publication. Database TitleWeb. Date accessed.

"Argentina: Forecast Brief - 2011 Edition." Countrywatch Forecast Brief - ArgentinaCountryWatch, 2011. Business Source Complete.

       Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: ("Argentina: Forecast Brief" 6-7).

D&B MILLION DOLLAR DATABASE: FIRST RESEARCH:

First Research Industry Profile:

"Title of Industry Report." Title of Source. Publisher, Date of Publication. Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

"Coffee & Tea Manufacturing." First Research. Hoovers Inc., 20 July 2015. D&B Million Dollar Database. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: ("Coffee & Tea").
In-Text Citation: ("Coffee & Tea" First Research) [Add part of source title if needed to clarify.]

DEMOGRAPHICSNOW:

Demographic Report for a Specific Geographical Area:

Title of Report. Publisher, Date of Publication. Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

Demographic Detail Summary for Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Metro. Gale Cengage Learning, n.d. Demographics Now.

       Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Demographic Detail).

GALE DIRECTORY LIBRARY:

Market Share Reporter:

"Title of Report." Title of Source. Editor Name. Edition. City of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication. Database Title. Web.

       Date accessed.

"Best-Selling Coffee Sectors, 2014." Market Share Reporter. Ed. Robert S. Lazich. 26th ed. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale, 2016. Business

       Insights: Global. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: ("Best-Selling Coffee Sectors").

Note: Treat this source like a chapter in a reference book and include the following information if available: editor(s), edition and city of publication. This particular source does not list page numbers.

GALE VIRTUAL REFERENCE LIBRARY:

Business Plans Handbook:

"Title of Chapter/Essay/Entry." Title of Source. Editor Name. Volume Number. City of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication.

       Page Number(s). Print.

"Coffee House: Coffee Circus." Business Plans Handbook: A Compilation of Actual Business Plans Developed by Small Businesses

       throughout North America. Ed. Angela Shupe. Vol. 4. Detroit: Gale, 2005. 97-117. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web.

       16 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: ("Coffee House" 99).

Note: Treat this source like a chapter in a reference book and include the following information if available: editor(s), edition and city of publication.


Encyclopedia of Emerging Markets:

"Title of Report." Title of Source. Editor Name. Edition. City of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication. Page Number(s).

       Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

"Specialty Coffee." Encyclopedia of Emerging Industries. Ed. Lynn M. Pearce. 6th ed. Detroit: Gale, 2011. 880-87. Gale Virtual

       Reference Library. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.

In-Text Citation: ("Specialty Coffee" 880-81).

Note: Treat this source like a chapter in a reference book and include the following information if available: editor(s), edition and city of publication.


Encyclopedia of Global Brands:

"Title of Report." Title of Source. Edition. Volume Number. City of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication. Page Number(s).

       Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

"Starbucks." Encyclopedia of Global Brands. 2nd ed. Vol. 2. Detroit: St. James Press, 2013. 1008-11. Gale Virtual Reference Library.

       Web. 16 Sept. 2015. 

In-Text Citation: ("Starbucks" 1010-11).

Note: Treat this source like a chapter in a reference book and include the following information if available: editor(s), edition and city of publication.

LEXISNEXIS ACADEMIC:

For LexisNexis Academic article citation format, see Articles - Print & Online above.


New York Times Article from LexisNexis Academic:

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of the Newspaper Date of Publication: Page number(s). Database Title. Web. Date

         accessed.

Eisinger, Jessee. "Seeking Answers from Green Mountain Coffee." The New York Times 10 Sept. 2013: 6. LexisNexis

         Academic. Web. 19 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Eisinger 6).


LexisNexis Academic Company Profile:

"Title of Company Profile." Title of Source. Publisher, Date of Publication. Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

"Keurig Green Mountain, Inc." LexisNexis Company Dossier. LexisNexis, n.d. LexisNexis Academic. Web. 19 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: ("Keurig" LexisNexis). [Add part of source title if needed to clarify.]

Note: Use n.d. if no date is available. LexisNexis Academic company profiles are not dated.


LexisNexis Legal Case:

Name of Case/Case Citation. Name of Court. Date of decision. LexisNexis Academic. Web. Date accessed.

Keurig, Inc. v. JBR, Inc. 2013-1478. US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. 12 Mar. 2014. LexisNexis Academic. Web. 19 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Keurig, Inc. v. JBR, Inc.).

Note: Names of cases are italicized when used in the text of a paper, but not in the Works Cited entry.


Hoover's Company Records from LexisNexis Academic:

"Title of Report." Title of Source Date of Publication. Database TitleWeb. Date accessed.

"Keurig, Incorporated." Hoover's Company Records - In-depth Records 20 Jan. 2015. LexisNexis Academic. Web. 19 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Hoover's Inc.).

MERGENT ONLINE:

Mergent Company Profile:

Title of Company Profile. Publisher, Date of Publication. Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

Keurig Green Mountain Inc. Mergent, n.d. Mergent Online. Web. 20 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Keurig Mergent). 

Note: Use n.d. if no date is available. Mergent Online company profiles are not dated.


Annual/10-K Report from Mergent Online:

Title of Report. Publisher, Year of Publication. Database Title. Web. Date accessed. 

Keurig Green Mountain, Inc. Form 10-K for Fiscal Year Ended September 27, 2014. Keurig Green Mountain, Inc., 2014. Mergent

       Online. Web. 16 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Keurig Mergent). [Add part of source title if needed to clarify.]


Mergent Online Industry Report:

Title of Report. Publisher, Date of Publication. Title of Database. Web. Date accessed.

North America Food & Beverage Sectors: A Company and Industry AnalysisMergent, Dec. 2015. Mergent Online. Web. 11 Jan. 2016.

In-Text Citation: (North America Food 11).


Mergent Online Country Report:

Title of Report. Publisher, Date of Publication. Title of Database. Web. Date accessed.

United States Country Profile. Mergent, 2014. Mergent Online. Web. 11 Jan. 2016. 

In-Text Citation: (US Country Profile 27).

NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH WORKING PAPERS:

Working Paper:

Author(s). Title of Working Paper. Working paper no. Publisher, Year of Publication. Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

Gelman, Michael, et al. How Individuals Smooth Spending: Evidence from the 2013 Government Shutdown Using Account Data.

       Working paper no. 21025. National Bureau of Economic Research, 2015. NBER Working Papers. Web. 20 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Gelman et al. 43).

REFERENCE USA:

Reference USA Company Profile:

Title of Company Profile. Publisher, Date of Publication. Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

Keurig Green Mountain Inc. Infogroup, n.d. ReferenceUSA. Web. 20 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Keurig Reference USA). [Add part of source title if needed to clarify.]

Note: Use n.d. if no date is available. Reference USA company profiles are not dated.

STANDARD & POOR'S NETADVANTAGE:

Standard & Poor's NetAdvantage Company Profile:

Title of Company Profile. Publisher, Date of Publication. Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

Keurig Green MountainS&P Capital IQ, n.d. Standard & Poor's NetAdvantage. Web. 20 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Keurig S&P). [Add part of source title if needed to clarify.]

Note: Use n.d. if no date is available. S&P NetAdvantage company profiles are not dated.


Standard & Poor's Industry Survey:

Author/Analyst. Title of Industry Survey. Publisher, Date of Publication. Database Title. Web. Date accessed. 

Agnese, Joseph. Industry Surveys: BeveragesS&P Capital IQ, Dec. 2014. Standard & Poor's NetAdvantage. Web. 20 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Agnese 51-52).


Standard & Poor's Stock Report:

Author/Analyst. Title of Stock Report. Publisher, Date of Publication. Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

Agnese, Joseph. Stock Report Keurig Green Mountain Inc. S&P Capital IQ, 14 Mar. 2015. Standard & Poor's NetAdvantage. Web.

       20 Mar. 2015.

In-Text Citation: (Agnese Stock Report 1-2). [Add part of source title if needed to clarify.]

VALUE LINE RESEARCH CENTER:

Value Line Research Center Company Profile:

Title of Company Profile. Publisher, Date of Publication. Database Title. Web. Date accessed.

Keurig Green MountainValue Line, n.d. Value Line Research Center. Web. 20 Mar. 2015. 

In-Text Citation: (Keurig Value Line). [Add part of source title if needed to clarify.]

Note: Use n.d. if no date is available. Value Line Research Center company profiles are not dated.

OTHER PUBLICATION TYPES:

Map or Chart:

Japanese Fundamentals. Chart. Hauppauge: Barron, 1992. Print.

Michigan. Map. Chicago: Rand, 20200. Print.

"Western Boundaries of Brazil, 1600, 1780, and the Present." Map. Brazilian Narrative Traditions in a Comparative Context. By Earl E. Fitz. New York: MLA, 2005. 43. Print.

"Maplewood, New Jersey." Map. Google Maps. Google, 15 May 2008. Web. 15 May 2008.

Note: Treat a map or chart like an article or book, but add the appropriate descriptive label (Map, Chart).


Pamphlets:

Author(s). Title of Pamphlet. City of Publisher: Publisher, Year of publication. Medium of publication consulted.

Helping Your Child through Early Adolescence. Washington: US Dept. of Education, 2008. Print.

In-Text Citation: ("Helping Your Child").


Personal Interview:

Name of Person Interviewed. Personal interview. Date of interview.

Adams, Christine. Personal interview. 24 Mar. 2015.

Adams, Christine. Telephone interview. 24 Mar. 2015.