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Government Documents: Census Bureau

Subject Headings

◊ Administrative agencies - United States
   - Statistical services
◊ American Community Survey
◊ Census districts - United States
◊ Household surveys - United States
◊ Housing - United States - Statistics
◊ Social indicators - United States
◊ Social surveys - United States
◊ United States. Bureau of the Census
◊ United States - Census
◊ United States - Population - Statistics
◊ United States - Statistical services
◊ U.S. Census Bureau
◊ U.S. states - Statistics


Census Bureau: The Census Bureau's mission is to serve as the leading source of quality data about the nation's people and economy.

Census Bureau: Census of Population & Housing: The census tells us who we are and where we are going as a nation. The census helps our communities determine where to build everything from schools to supermarkets, and from homes to hospitals. It helps the government decide how to distribute funds and assistance to states and localities. It is also used to draw the lines of legislative districts and reapportion the seats each State holds in Congress.

Census Bureau: Library: Publications

Census Bureau: Reference Maps: Reference Maps include a variety of map types that show the boundaries and names of geographic areas for which the Census Bureau tabulates statistical data: Census Reference Maps; General Reference Maps; Congressional Districts; Metropolitan Areas; Public Use Microdata Areas; State Legislative Districts; Urban Areas; Partnership Program Maps; Economic Census.



Catalog of United States Census Publications 1790-1945 (1950) Gov Docs Reference Z7554 .U5 U62

Catalog of United States Census Publications 1790-1972 (1974) C 3.163/2-2:790-972

The 2010 Census and the American Community Survey: American is Changing, and So is the Census (2009)

2010 Census: A Status Update of Key Decennial Operations (2010) Gov Docs Y 4.G 74/9:S.HRG.111-635

Census: Learning Lessons from 2010, Planning for 2020 (2012) Gov Docs Y 4.G 74/9:S.HRG.112-244

Census: Planning Ahead for 2020 (2013) Gov Docs Y 4.G 74/9:S.HRG.112-676

A Compass for Understanding & Using the American Community Survey Data: What General Data Users Need to Know (2008)

A Compass for Understanding & Using the American Community Survey Data: What Researchers Need to Know (2009)

A Compass for Understanding & Using the American Community Survey Data: What State & Local Governments Need to Know (2009)

A Compass for Understanding & Using the American Community Survey Data: What the Business Community Needs to Know (2008)

The Federal Statistical System in the Twenty-First Century: The Role of the U.S. Census Bureau (2010)
Gov Docs Y 4.EC 7: S.HRG.111-372

Guide to State & Local Census Geography (2011)

Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses from 1790 to 2000 (2002) Gov Docs C 3.2:M 46/2

Mega Commuting in the U.S.: Time & Distance in Defining Long Commutes Using the 2006-2010 American Community Survey (2012)

Men's & Women's Earnings by State: 2008 American Community Survey (2009)

The U.S. Census Bureau: At Work for You (2009)


Census Bureau: Selected Historical Decennial Census Population & Housing Counts: 1790-2000

Census Bureau: State Data Center Program: Created in 1978 to make data available locally to the public through a network of state agencies, universities, libraries, and regional and local governments.

National Archives: 1940 Census: Official 1940 Census website. 72 year restriction on census records.

Census Bureau: American Community Survey: Approximately 250,000 households are sampled each month across the nation. This sample is large enough to provide estimates for larger geographies - states, cities & counties with population of 65,000 or more - every year instead of evey 10 years. The ACS produces 3 distinct data sets each year: one-year data sets, three-year data sets and five-year data sets. This is because the ACS needs three years of surveys before it can compile statistically sound data for places with 20,000 to 65,000 people; and five years to gather enough responses for places with less than 20,000 residents.
>>Data for area with population < 20,000: ACS will have data for 2005-2009, 2006-2010, 2007-2011... periods, because it takes 5 years of surveys to gather enough responses for an adequate survey. It will not have data for any single year because not enough residents will receive an ACS in a year to yield useful data. It is important to understand that the resulting data is for a period of time, unlike data from the decennial census, which for a single point in time.
>>Data for area with population > 100,000: ACS data for 2007, 2007-2009 and 2005-2009. All places with over 20,000 people will have multiple ACS figures available. Each figure will be slightly different. All three are legitimate and useful, one just needs to understand the peculiarities of these moving averages.

University of Virginia Library: Historical Census Browser: 1790-1960

National Historical Geographic Information System: Aggregate census data and GIS-compatible boundary files for the United States between 1790 and 2012.

Census 2010 Gateway
Census 2000 Gateway
Census 1990 Gateway

Census Bureau: Data Tools & Apps

University of Minnesota: Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Census microdata for social & economic research.

CensusScope: Easy-to-use tool for investigating U.S. demographic trends from the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN) at the University of Michigan.