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Government Documents: Agriculture


U.S. Department of Agriculture LogoDepartment of Agriculture : Mission: Provide leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, rural development, nutrition, and related issues based on sound public policy, the best available science, and efficient management.

=Link to agency organizational chart

USDA Agencies: Agricultural Marketing ServiceAgricultural Research ServiceAnimal & Plant Health Inspection ServiceCenter for Nutrition Policy & PromotionEconomic Research ServiceFarm Service AgencyFood & Nutrition ServiceFood Safety & Inspection ServiceForeign Agricultural ServiceForest ServiceNational Agricultural LibraryNational Agricultural Statistics ServiceNational Institute of Food & AgricultureNatural Resources Conservation ServiceRisk Management Agency  ♦ Rural Development

Topics: Animals Biotechnology Broadband Climate Conservation Data Disaster Food & Nutrition Forestry Health & Safety Organic Plants Recreation Research & Science Rural Trade

Census of Agriculture:  Leading source of facts and figures about American agriculture. Conducted every five years, the Census provides a detailed picture of U.S. farms and ranches and the people who operate them. It is the only source of uniform, comprehensive agricultural data for every state and county in the U.S.

USDA Economics, Statistics & Market Information System: Contains nearly 2500 reports and datasets, covering U.S. and international agriculture and related topics.


Census of Agriculture Historical Archive

Census of Agriculture reports available electronically or at Maag Library:

2017 Census of Agriculture: Geographic Area Series: United States: Summary & State Data*
2017 Census of Agriculture: Geographic Area Series: Ohio: State & County Data

2012 Census of Agriculture: Geographic Area Series: United States: Summary & State Data* A 92.53/51:AC-12-A-51
2012 Census of Agriculture: Geographic Area Series: Ohio: State & County Data* A 92.53/35:AC-12-A-35

2007 Census of Agriculture: Geographic Area Series: United States: Summary & State Data* A 92.53/51:AC-07-A-51
2007 Census of Agriculture: Geographic Area Series: Ohio: State & County Data* A 92.53/35:AC-07-A-35
2007 Census of Agriculture: Volumes 1 &2 GOV DOCS CD-ROM FILE A 92.54:2007/V.1-2/DVD

2002 Census of Agriculture: Geographic Area Series: United States:  Summary & State Data A 92.53/51:AC-02-A-51
2002 Census of Agriculture: Geographic Area Series: Ohio: State & County Data* A 92.53/35:AC-02-A-35

1997 Census of Agriculture: Volume 1: Geographic Area Series GOV DOCS CD-ROM FILE A 92.53/56:997
1997 Census of Agriculture: Volume 2: Subject Series: Ranking of States & Counties* GOV DOC CD-ROM FILE A 92.54:997/V.2

1992 Census of Agriculture: Geographic Area Series: United States: Summary & State Data GOV DOCS C 3.31/4:992/V.1/Pt.51

1987 Census of Agriculture: Geographic Area Series: Ohio: State & County Data GOV DOCS C 3.31/4:987/V.1/Pt.35

1974 Census of Agriculture: United States: Summary & State Data GOV DOCS C 3.31/4:974/V.1/Pt.51
1974 Census of Agriculture: Ohio: State & County Data GOV DOCS C 3.31/4:974/V.1/Pt.35

1969 Census of Agriculture: Area Reports: Ohio: Section 1: Summary Data GOV DOCS C 3.31/4:969/V.1/Pt.10/Sec.1
1969 Census of Agriculture: Area Reports: Ohio: Section 2: County Data GOV DOCS C 3.31/4:969/V.1/Pt.10/Sec.2

*PDF documents require Acrobat Adobe Reader


Agricultural Marketing Service: AMS administers programs that create domestic and international marketing opportunities for U.S. producers of food, fiber, and specialty crops. AMS also provides the agriculture industry with valuable services to ensure the quality and availability of wholesome food for consumers across the country.

Market News

Rules & Regulations

Grades & Standards



Selling Food to USDA


Agricultural Research Service: USDA's chief scientific in-house research agency. ARS' job is finding solutions to agricultural problems that affect Americans every day, from field to table. ARS delivers scientific solutions to national and global agricultural challenges.


Tellus: Online communications platform for content covering a variety of topics from field to fork, ranging from human nutrition and food safety, to crop and animal production.


Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service: Multi-faceted agency with a broad mission area that includes protecting and promoting U.S. agricultural health, regulating genetically engineered organisms, administering the Animal Welfare Act and carrying out wildlife damage management activities.

Focus: Animal HealthAnimal Welfare Biotechnology Business Services Civil Rights Emergency Response Imports & Exports International Services Plant Health Science Tribal Relations Wildfire Damage


Center for Nutrition Policy & Promotion: CNPP’s mission is to improve the health of Americans by developing and promoting dietary guidance that links scientific research to the nutrition needs of consumers.The staff at CNPP is composed primarily of nutritionists who specialize in nutrition science, analytics, nutrition evaluation, education and communication.CNPP carries out its mission to improve the health of Americans by (1) serving as the Federal authority on evidence-based food, nutrition and economic analyses to inform policy and programs; (2) translating science into actionable food and nutrition guidance for all Americans; and (3) leading national communication initiatives that apply science-based messages to advance consumers’ dietary and economic knowledge and behaviors. Provides practical information to individuals, health professionals, nutrition educators, and the food industry to help consumers build healthier diets with resources and tools for dietary assessment, nutrition education, and other user-friendly nutrition information.


Economic Research Service: The mission of ERS is to anticipate trends and emerging issues in agriculture, food, the environment, and rural America and to conduct high-quality, objective economic research to inform and enhance public and private decision making. The ERS commodity outlook program delivers timely, independent, and objective information about agricultural markets and provides projections of U.S. and world agricultural commodity production, consumption, and trade.

Topics: Animal ProductsCropsFarm EconomyFarm Practices & ManagementFood & Nutrition AssistanceFood Choices & HealthFood Markets & PricesFood SafetyInternational Markets & U.S. TradeNatural Resources & EnvironmentRural Economy & Population

Data Products


Amber Waves: The Economics of Food, Farming, Natural Resources & Rural America: Published monthly - showcases the full range of ERS research and analysis on economic and policy issues related to agriculture, food, the environment, and rural America.


Farm Service Agency: Mission: Equitably serving all farmers, ranchers, and agricultural partners through the delivery of effective, efficient agricultural programs for all Americans.

Programs & Services

Online Services

FSA Farm Bill Home: The Agricultural Act is important legislation that provides authorization for services and programs that impact every American and millions of people around the world. Builds on historic economic gains in rural America over the past five years, while achieving meaningful reform and billions of dollars in savings for the taxpayer.  


Food Safety & Inspection Service: Public health agency in the U.S. Department of Agriculture responsible for ensuring that the nation's commercial supply of meat, poultry, and egg products is safe, wholesome, and correctly labeled and packaged.

Data Collection & Reports: FSIS collects scientific information and generates reports in support of the Agency's farm-to-table strategies. Reports include results of microbiological and chemical testing. Gateway to food safety information provided by government agencies.

Recalls & Public Health Alerts: Current recalls and public health alerts; recall case archives and annual summaries; how to report a problem with an FSIS-regulated product; additional recall links.


Food & Nutrition Service: Mission is to increase food security and reduce hunger by providing children and low-income people access to food, a healthful diet and nutrition education in a way that supports American agriculture and inspires public confidence.

Dietary Guidelines for Americans: Provides advice on what to eat and drink to build a healthy diet that can promote health, help prevent diet-related chronic disease, and meet nutrient needs.

Foods Programs: Mission is to strengthen the Nation’s nutrition safety net by providing food and nutrition assistance to school children and families; and support American agriculture by distributing high quality, 100% American-grown USDA Foods.

Child Nutrition Programs: FNS administers several programs that provide healthy food to children. Administered by State agencies, each of these programs helps fight hunger and obesity by reimbursing organizations such as schools, child care centers, and after-school programs for providing healthy meals to children.

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): SNAP offers nutrition assistance to millions of eligible, low-income individuals and families and provides economic benefits to communities. FNS works with State agencies, nutrition educators, and neighborhood and faith-based organizations to ensure that those eligible for nutrition assistance can make informed decisions about applying for the program and can access benefits.

Women, Infants, and Children (WIC): WIC provides Federal grants to States for supplemental foods, health care referrals, and nutrition education for low-income pregnant, breastfeeding, and non-breastfeeding postpartum women, and to infants and children up to age five who are found to be at nutritional risk.


Foreign Agricultural Service: Links U.S. agriculture to the world to enhance export opportunities and global food security.

Topics: Buying U.S. ProductsExporting Food Security Market Development Trade Policy

Commodities & Products

Countries & Regions

Data & Analysis




National Agricultural Library: One of four national libraries of the U.S. and houses one of the world's largest collections devoted to agriculture and its related sciences.

Topics: Agricultural Law Animals & Livestock Education & Outreach Farms & Farming Systems Food & Human Nutrition Invasive Species Marketing & Trade Natural Resources & Environment Plants & Crops Research & Technology Rural Development



NAL Data

VIVO: Web search tool for connecting researchers, research projects and outcomes, and others with relationships to the research. Database of programs and resources for beginning farmers and ranchers in the United States. Government information on food and human nutrition for consumers.

AgNIC: Agriculture Network Information Collaborative: Search the world of agriculture or stay up-to-date with the latest agricultural news and events taking place around the world.

KYF2Know Your Farmer Know Your Food: USDA-wide effort to strengthen local and regional food systems.


National Agricultural Statistics Service: Conducts hundreds of surveys every year and prepares reports covering virtually every aspect of U.S. agriculture. Production and supplies of food and fiber, prices paid and received by farmers, farm labor and wages, farm finances, chemical use, and changes in the demographics of U.S. producers are only a few examples.

Agricultural Prices (1/31/1964-present): Monthly report containing prices received by farmers for principal crops, livestock and livestock products; indexes of prices received by farmers; feed price ratios; indexes of prices paid by farmers; and parity prices.

Agricultural Statistics Annual: A 1.47: Published each year to meet the diverse need for a reliable reference book on agricultural production, supplies, consumption, facilities, costs, and returns.

Census of Agriculture: Leading source of facts and figures about American agriculture. Conducted every five years, the Census provides a detailed picture of U.S. farms and ranches and the people who operate them.

Veg condition animated map

Geospatial data service which offers advanced tools such as interactive visualization, web-based data dissemination and geospatial queries and automated data delivery to systems such as Google Earth.

Data & Statistics

NASS Reports Arranged by Title

Price Reactions: After USDA Crop Production Reports; After USDA Livestock Reports.

Quick Stats: Query the Census of Agriculture database to retrieve customized tables with Census data at the national, state and county levels as far back as 1997.

Statistical Bulletins: Final estimates, including revisions, for five-year periods preceding the Census of Agriculture: Citrus Fruits; Field Crops; Noncitrus Fruits & Nuts; Rice Stocks; Stocks of Grains, Oilseeds, and Hay; Vegetables; Potatoes & Sweet Potatoes; Crop Values; Agricultural Land Values & Cash Rents; Farms & Land in Farms; Cattle; Hogs & Pigs; Livestock Operations; Milk Cows & Production; Sheep & Goats; Chicken & Eggs; Honey; Meat Animals, Production, Disposition & Income; Milk, Disposition & Income; Poultry, Production & Value; Turkeys.

Statistics by Subject

Track Records: Crop Production; Grain Stocks; Livestock.

Trends in U.S. Agriculture--20th Century


National Institute of Food & Agriculture: NIFA provides leadership and funding for programs that advance agriculture-related sciences. They invest in and support initiatives that ensure the long-term viability of agriculture.

Topics: Advanced Technologies Animals Business & Economics Education Environment Farming & Ranching Food Science Health Human Sciences ♦ International Natural Resources Plants

NIFA Programs


Data Gateway


Natural Resources Conservation Service: NRCS helps America’s farmers, ranchers and forest landowners conserve the nation’s soil, water, air and other natural resources. All programs are voluntary and offer science-based solutions that benefit both the landowner and the environment.

  • Technical Resources: Conservation Planning; Ecological Science; Natural Resources Assessment; Data, Maps & Analysis; Tools & Applications; Technical References; Field Office Technical Guide; Engineering; Economics;         Environmental Markets.
  • Land Use: Cropland; Farmland Protection Policy Act; Forestry; Range & Pasture.
  • Soils: Soil Use; Soil Research & Laboratory; Soil Education; Soils Survey; Soil Surveys by State; Soil Health.
  • Water: Snow Survey & Water Supply; Water Management; Water Quality; Watersheds; Wetlands.
  • Air: Air Quality; USDA Agricultural Air Quality Task Force.
  • Plants & Animals: Fish & Wildlife; Insects & Pollinators; Invasive Species & Pests; Livestock; Plants.
  • Energy: Energy Conservation; Energy Tools; Renewable Energy.
  • Climate Change: Adaptation; Mitigation; Research, Observations & Monitoring; Resources, Tools & Services.
  • People: Outreach & Advocacy; Partners; Teachers & Students; Volunteers; NRCS Employees.
  • Conservation Client Gateway: USDA public website that allows individual landowners and land users the secure      ability to request conservation technical and financial assistance from NRCS.

NRCS Programs

NRCS State Websites

Geospatial Data Gateway: Source for environmental and natural resources data.

National Resources Inventory: A statistical survey of land use and natural resource conditions and trends on U.S. non-Federal lands.

Resource Conservation Act--Interactive Data Viewer: RCA provides broad natural resource strategic assessment and planning authority for the USDA. The purpose of the RCA is to ensure that USDA programs for the conservation of soil, water, and related resources are responsive to the long-term needs of the Nation.

Web Soil Survey: Provides soil data and information produced by the National Cooperative Soil Survey. NRCS has soil maps and data available online for more than 95 percent of the nation’s counties and anticipates having 100 percent in the near future.

World Soil Resources Map Index

Snow Survey & Water Supply: Provides western states and Alaska with information on future water suplies.

Watershed Boundary Dataset

National Water & Climate Center: Provides data for conservation, tools for assessing water supplies and climate, and resources for addressing questions on local and regional conditions, drought and climate trends.

Environmental Easement Boundaries: NRCS maintains geospatial boundaries for Environmental Easement Programs.

PLANTS Database: Provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories.                      


Risk Management Agency: RMA operates and manages the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC). RIMA, through FCIC, provides crop insurance to American farmers and ranchers. Private-sector insurance companies sell and service the policies. RMA develops and/or approves the premium rate, administers premium and expense subsidies, approves and supports products, and reinsures the companies.


Rural Development: Mission is to help improve the economy and quality of life in rural America. They offer loans, grants and loan guarantees to support essential services such as housing, economic development, health care, first responder services and equipment, and water, electric and communications infrastructure. They support loans to businesses through banks, credit unions and community-managed lending pools. They help agricultural producers and cooperatives get started and improve the effectiveness of their operations. They help rural residents buy or rent safe, affordable housing and make health and safety repairs to their homes.

RD Programs & Services: RD operates over fifty financial assistance programs for a variety of rural applications.

Rural Housing Service: Offers a variety of programs to build or improve housing and essential community facilities in rural areas.

Rural Utilities Service: Administers programs that provide much-need infrastructure or infrastructure improvements to rural communities. These include water and waste treatment, electric power and telecommunications services.

Rural Business-Cooperative Service: Offers programs to support business development and job training opportunities for rural residents.

Rural Cooperatives Magazine 


Board on Agriculture & Natural Resources: Major program unit of the National Research Council responsible for organizing and overseeing studies on agriculture, forestry, fisheries, wildlife, and the use of land, water, and other natural resources.

Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research: Global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future.

Farm Credit Administration: Mission is to ensure a safe, sound, and dependable source of credit and related services for agriculture and rural America.

Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation: Established by the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 as an independent U.S. Government controlled corporation. Primary purpose is to ensure the timely payment of principal and interest on insured notes, bonds, and other obligations issued on behalf of Farm Credit System.

FarmerMac: Federal Agriculatural Mortgage Corporation: Created by Congress to establish a secondary market for agricultural mortgage and rural utilities loans to increase the availability of long-term credit at stable interest rates to segments of rural America.

Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Achieving food security for all is at the heart of FAO's efforts – to make sure people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. Three main goals: the eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition; the elimination of poverty and the driving forward of economic and social progress for all; and, the sustainable management and utilization of natural resources, including land, water, air, climate and genetic resources for the benefit of present and future generations.

House Committee on Agriculture

Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition & Forestry

U.S. Drought Portal: National Integrated Drought Information System  


ASC=Academic Search Complete; EC=Environment Complete

Agricultural Research: 1/1/1994-present in ASC: OFF CAMPUS

Agricultural Statistics: 1994-present Open Access

International Agriculture & Trade Situation & Outlook Reports: 1984-present Open Access

World Agricultural Supply & Demand Estimates: 3/1/2013- present in EC