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Government Documents: Trade: U.S & International

Trade: US & International Guide Contents

   William F. Maag Jr. Library
Federal Depository Since 1971

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Trade: U.S. & International:

Trade Classification Systems

U.S. Trade Statistics

• International Trade Statistics

• Business Databases

• Government Agencies

Other Web Resources

Maag Government Documents

OhioLINK Library Catalog


This guide contains information and sources relevant to domestic (U.S.) and international trade.


Two trade classification systems are used to classify imports and exports:

   ♦ Standard International Trade Classification (SITC): United Nations
      ◊ United Nations: Standard International Trade Classification: Detailed Structure & Explanatory Notes
      ◊ United Nations Statistics Division: Available Classifications (Product Classifications → SITC)
      ◊ United Nations mandates that nations use 5-digit SITC codes when reporting imports and exports.  
   ♦ Harmonized System:World Customs Organization (code is not freely available)

The U.S. maintains codes based on the Harmonized System, but which contain more detail:

   ♦ Harmonized Tariff System: Classification of imports by U.S. International Trade Commission.
      ◊ U.S. International Trade Commission: Official Harmonized Tariff Schedule
      ◊ U.S. International Trade Commission: HTS Online Reference Tool
      ◊ USITC uses a 10-digit HS code for reporting import statistics. First 6 digits are international standards.
         Countries can add up to 4 additional digits to uniquely classify their products.
   ♦ Schedule B: Classification of exports maintained by the Census Bureau.
      ◊ Census Bureau: Foreign Trade: Schedule B
      ◊ Census Bureau uses Schedule B codes to classify U.S. exports. First 6 digits are same as Harmonized System;
         4 additional digits are similar but may differ.

North American Industrial Trade Classification (NAICS): NAFTA nations (Canada, Mexico, U.S.) classify domestic industries and products by NAICS code.
      ♦ Census Bureau: North American Industrial Trade Classification
      ♦ Current print edition in Reference Room READY REF HF1042 .N67
         Previous editions OVERSIZE HF1042 .N67  (Floor 3A)


Bureau of Economic Analysis: International Economic Accounts: Trade in Goods & Services

Census Bureau: Business & Industry: Foreign Trade: Official source for U.S. export and import statistics and responsible for issuing regulations governing the reporting of all export shipments from the United States.
   ♦ U.S. International Trade Data
   ♦ U.S. International Trade in Goods & Services (FT900)
   ♦ Trade Highlights
   ♦ Historical Series
   ♦ State Trade Data

Census Bureau: U.S. International Trade Statistics - SITC
Census Bureau: U.S. International Trade Statistics - NAICS Trade Data & Analysis:
   ♦ TradeStats Express: International Trade Administration. Latest annual and quarterly trade data.
   ♦ USA Trade Online: Current and cumulative U.S. export & import data for over 9,000 export commodities and 17,000
      import commodities. Provides trade statistics using HS and NAICS commodity classification codes. Monthly and
      annual trade statistics at the district and port level, as well as state exports and imports.
   ♦ State Export Data

Industry Canada: Trade Data Online: Provides the ability to generate customized reports by product or industry on Canada and U.S. trade in goods with over 200 countries.

U.S. Imports of Merchandise: Gov Docs CDROM Case C 3.278/2: (6th floor)
   ♦ DVDs of monthly data from January 2012 (also some earlier months)
   ♦ Cumulated by: U.S. Imports History (DVD-ROM)
   ♦ 1999-2005 Indiana University Bloomington

U.S. Exports of Merchandise: Gov Docs CDROM Case C 3.278/3: (6th floor)   
   ♦ DVDs of monthly data from January 2012 (also some earlier months)
♦ Cumulated by: U.S. Exports History (DVD-ROM)
   ♦ 1999-2005 Indiana University Bloomington

U.S. Imports History: Historical Summary: International Harmonized System Commodity Classification (HTSUSA) by Country, by Customs District: Gov Docs CDROM Case C 3.278/2-2: (6th floor)
   ♦ DVDs of cumulated data 2006-present
Gov Docs CDROM Case C. 3.278/2-2:
(1989-2005 Historical Summaries)

U.S. Exports History: Historical Summary: International Harmonized System Commodity Classification (HTSUSA) by Country, by Customs District: Gov Docs CDROM Case C 3.278/3-2: (6th floor)
   ♦ DVDs of cumulated data 2006-present
   >>Gov Docs CDROM Case C. 3.278/3-2: (1989-2005 Historical Summaries)

U.S. International Trade Commission: Interactive Tariff and Trade DataWeb: U.S. international trade data compiled from official Census Bureau data. Tariff data from the U.S. International Trade Commission. U.S. import statistics, U.S. export statistics, U.S. tariffs, U.S. future tariffs and U.S. tariff preference information available. International trade data for 1989-present and can be retrieved in a number of classification systems.


European Commission: Trade: Market Access Database: Exporting from the EU.

Industry Canada: Trade Data Online: Provides the ability to generate customized reports by product or industry on Canada and U.S. trade in goods with over 200 countries.

International Monetary Fund: Direction of Trade Statistics: Provides data on the country and area distribution of countries' exports and imports by their partners. Mostly subscription.

International Trade Centre: Trade Statistics

Organization for Economic Co-operation & Development: OECD Data: International Trade
OECD iLibrary: Publications: Trade

Organization of American States: Foreign Trade Information System: Centralizes information on trade policy in the Americas. Full texts of trade agreements in force for OAS Member States, trade policy developments, information on national trade-related legislation, links to international, regional and national sources of trade policy information.

UNCTADstat: International Trade in Goods & Services: UNCTAD compiles, validates and processes a wide range of data collected from national and international sources.

UN Trade Statistics: The Trade Statistics Branch of the UN Statistics Division is responsible for International Merchandise Trade Statistics and Statistics of International Trade in Services.
   ♦ UN Comtrade Database: Free access to detailed global trade data. Repository of official trade statistics and relevant
      analytical tables. Contains annual trade statistics from 1962 & monthly trade statistics since 2010.
   ♦ UN Service Trade Database: Registration for free account required.
   ♦ Analytical Tables: Cover trade values and indices for individual countries and regions.
   ♦ Monthly Bulletin of Statistics Analytical Trade Tables: Trade values and indices for countries (areas) and regions.
   ♦ International Trade Statistics Yearbook: 1992-present. Provides basic information for individual countries’ external
      trade performances in terms of value, as well as in volume and price, the importance of trading partners and the
      significance of individual commodities imported and exported.

The World Bank: Trade: WB works to make the global trading system more rules-based, predictable and supportive of development. Also works with developing countries to improve their access to international markets and strengthen the competitiveness of their firms.
   ♦ Data
   ♦ World Integrated Trade Solution (WITS): Access to international merchandise trade, tarif and non-tariff measures
      data. Browse Country Profile section for countries exports, imports and tariff statistics with relevant development
      data. Registration for free account required.
   ♦ Global Preferential Trade Agreements Database: Information on preferential trade agreements around the world,
      including agreements that have not been notified to the World Trade Organization.

World Trade Organization: Trade Topics:
   ♦ International Trade Statistics: Overview of the latest developments in world trade, covering merchandise & services
      trade as well as trade measured in value-added terms.

   ♦ International Trade & Market Access Data: Extensive access to trade and tariff data.
   ♦ Statistics Database: Retrieve statistical information in the following presentations: Trade Profiles; Tariff Profiles;
      Services Profiles; Time Series.


Business Source Complete IconBUSINESS SOURCE COMPLETE
 Scholarly business database providing full text journals in all disciplines of business. Additional content includes financial data, books, monographs, major reference works, book digests, conference proceedings, case studies, investment research reports, industry reports, market research reports, country reports, company profiles, SWOT analyses and more.

EconLit, the American Economic Association’s database, is the world’s foremost source of references to economic literature. Contains more than 785,000 records from 1969-present and covers virtually every area related to economics.

International Financial Statistics: All aspects of international & domestic finance with history to 1948; Direction of Trade: Value of exports & imports between countries and their trading partners with history to 1980; Balance of Payments: International economic transactions data & International Investment Position with history to 1960; Government Finance Statistics: Budgetary & extra-budgetary financial operations data of governments with history to 1990. Also Available: Coordinated Direct Investment Survey; Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey; Financial Access Survey; Financial Soundness Indicators; International Res

Full subscription to National Bureau of Economic Research working papers.


Census Bureau: Foreign Trade: Official source for U.S. export and import statistics and responsible for issuing regulations governing the reporting of all export shipments from the United States.
   ♦ Foreign Trade Regulations
   ♦ Guide to Foreign Trade Statistics
   ♦ Import & Export Training Videos
   ♦ Information on the Collection & Publication of Trade Statistics
   ♦ U.S. International Trade Data Brings together resources from across the U.S. Government to assist American businesses in planning their international sales strategies and succeed in today’s global marketplace.
   ♦ Exporting 101
   ♦ Trade Data & Analysis
   ♦ U.S. Free Trade Agreements

Export-Import Bank of the United States: Official export credit agency of the United States. Ex-Im Bank's mission is to assist in financing the export of U.S. goods and services to international markets.

Office of the United States Trade Representative: Responsible for developing and coordinating U.S. international trade, commodity, and direct investment policy, and overseeing negotiations with other countries.
   ♦ Trade Agreements
   ♦ Countries & Regions
   ♦ Issue Areas

Office of Trade Agreements Negotiations & Compliance: TANC helps make trade agreements work for American exporters and investors. Works to eliminate foreign government-imposed trade barriers by supporting U.S. efforts to negotiate new international trade agreements, and by working to ensure that existing agreements deliver the market access and fair treatment promised.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation & Development: Trade

Small Business Administration: Office of International Trade: Mission is to enhance the ability of small businesses to compete in the global marketplace.

United Nations Conference on Trade & Development (UNCTAD): International Trade & Commodities

U.S. Court of International Trade: Mission is to resolve disputes by: Providing cost effective, courteous & timely service to those affected by the judicial process; Providing independent, consistent, fair & impartial interpretation and application of the customs and international trade laws; and Fostering improvements in customs and international trade law and practice and improvements in the administration of justice.

U.S. Customs & Border Protection: Trade: CBP has direct responsibility for enhancing U.S. economic competitiveness. By reducing costs for industry and enforcing trade laws against counterfeit, unsafe, and fraudulently entered goods, CBP is working to enable legitimate trade, contribute to American economic prosperity, and protect against risks to public health and safety.

U.S. International Trade Administration: Strengthens the competitiveness of U.S. industry, promotes trade & investment, ensures fair trade through rigorous enforcement of trade laws and agreements.
   ♦ Trade Topics
   ♦ Data & Analysis
   ♦ Publications

U.S. International Trade Commission: Mission: (1) Administer U.S. trade remedy laws within its mandate in a fair and objective manner; (2) Provide the President, USTR & Congress with independent analysis, information & support on matters of tariffs, international trade & U.S. competitiveness; and (3) Maintain the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTS).

World Trade Organization: International organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. Goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business.
   ♦ International Trade Statistics
   ♦ International Trade & Market Access Data
   ♦ Services Profiles
   ♦ Statistics Database
   ♦ Trade Policy Reviews
   ♦ Trade Profiles
   ♦ World Tariff Profiles
   ♦ World Trade Report
   ♦ WTO Legal Texts


The Federation of International Trade Association: Really Useful Links for International Trade

globalEDGE: Michigan State University. Provides international business and trade information on over 200 countries, the 50 U.S. states, as well as nearly two dozen industry sectors, and many of the world’s trade blocs.

TradePort: Repository of free information and resources for businesses involved in all aspects of global trade. Free resource library of current trade news and resources, as well as a subscription service (the DSC Service), which provides summary and analysis of all WTO reports and arbitrations; a current keyword index; a database of dispute settlement tables and statistics; and a search tool for WTO cases, legal texts, and other documents.